Parallelism in Ephesians 2:1-10

I’ve been studying Ephesians 2:1-10 for the ladies Bible study tomorrow night, and I arranged the passage visually (à la Justin Taylor) so I could see the flow of thought better. This method of breaking down a passage can help you see parallelism and follow complicated syntax. I’m sure there are other ways you could arrange these ideas, but this is what I came up with and this was helpful to me as I studied the passage.

1 And you

were dead in the trespasses and sins

2 in which you once walked,

following the course of this world,

following the prince of the power of the air,

the spirit that is now at work in the sons of disobedience

among whom we all once lived in the passions of our flesh,

carrying out the desires of the body and the mind,

and were by nature children of wrath,

like the rest of mankind.

But God,

being rich in mercy,

because of the great love with which he loved us,

even when we were dead in our trespasses,

made us alive together with Christ—

by grace you have been saved—

and raised us up with him

and seated us with him in the heavenly places in Christ Jesus,

so that in the coming ages he might show the immeasurable riches of his grace in kindness toward us in Christ Jesus.

For by grace you have been saved through faith.

And this is not your own doing;

it is the gift of God,

9 not a result of works,

so that no one may boast.

10 For we are his workmanship,

created in Christ Jesus

for good works,

which God prepared beforehand,

that we should walk in them.

    

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You are God Alone

Tonight a couple of friends and I met for our study of Ephesians chapter 1. I had prepared to teach verses 15-23, but we only made it through the first part of verse 18. We had a profitable and challenging discussion about several points from the verses 15-18, but we weren’t able to get to the high point of the passage, which comes at the end of the chapter.

15For this reason, because I have heard of your faith in the Lord Jesus and your love toward all the saints, 16I do not cease to give thanks for you, remembering you in my prayers, 17that the God of our Lord Jesus Christ, the Father of glory, may give you a spirit of wisdom and of revelation in the knowledge of him, 18 having the eyes of your hearts enlightened, that you may know what is the hope to which he has called you, what are the riches of his glorious inheritance in the saints, 19and what is the immeasurable greatness of his power toward us who believe, according to the working of his great might 20that he worked in Christ when he raised him from the dead and seated him at his right hand in the heavenly places, 21 far above all rule and authority and power and dominion, and above every name that is named, not only in this age but also in the one to come. 22And he put all things under his feet and gave him as head over all things to the church, 23 which is his body, the fullness of  him who fills all in all.

We’ve studied the spiritual blessings that are ours in Christ, and this paragraph culminates the chapter in praise to God for these riches and exalts Christ as the ruler over all. In these verses, Paul heaps up descriptions of Christ’s power and authority. His power is immeasurably great. God raised Christ from the dead and then seated him in a place of power and prominence–at his right hand. Christ’s “rule and authority and power and dominion” are “far above all” other rulers. Christ’s name is above all other names. No matter how powerful a ruler is on earth, his authority doesn’t come close to Christ’s. We’ve seen some powerful rulers fall this year, but Christ will never lose power and authority; he will reign supreme “not only in this age but also in the one to come.” All people and all things–every speck of matter–are “under his feet,” under his control. Christ is the head of the church, and He abundantly supplies all our needs and completes the church–His people–so nothing  is lacking.

I had all of these thoughts in my head, when I heard this song on the way home from Bible study. I had to pull over to the side of the road, because I was crying and singing out in praise to God. What a beautiful expression of God’s power and authority! And how perfectly this song connected with what I have been studying and learning the past few days!

You are not a God
Created by human hands
You are not a God
Dependant on any mortal man
You are not a God
In need of anything we can give
By Your plan, that’s just the way it is

[chorus]
You are God alone
From before time began
You were on Your throne
You are God alone
And right now
In the good times and bad
You are on Your throne
You are God alone

You’re the only God
Whose power none can contend
You’re the only God
Whose name and praise will never end
You’re the only God
Who’s worthy of everything we can give
You are God
And that’s just the way it is

[Bridge]

Unchangeable
Unshakable
Unstoppable
That’s what You are

[chorus]
You are God alone
From before time began
You were on Your throne
You are God alone
And right now
In the good times and bad
You are on Your throne
You are God alone

Copyright 2004 Billy Foote Music